What the hex is a hex code? |

Let's learn a little about these "hex codes". In our everyday life we use a decimal (base 10) number system. We use the following numbers...

Somewhere along the line, computer people decided that certain things would be easier to do if they used a *hexi*decimal (base 16) number system...

Since we don't have a unique symbol for 10, 11, 12 etc, we use letters to represent those values. Here is a chart showing the hexidecimal equivalents from 0-255...

0 = 00 51 = 33 102 = 66 153 = 99 204 = CC 1 = 01 52 = 34 103 = 67 154 = 9A 205 = CD 2 = 02 53 = 35 104 = 68 155 = 9B 206 = CE 3 = 03 54 = 36 105 = 69 156 = 9C 207 = CF 4 = 04 55 = 37 106 = 6A 157 = 9D 208 = D0 5 = 05 56 = 38 107 = 6B 158 = 9E 209 = D1 6 = 06 57 = 39 108 = 6C 159 = 9F 210 = D2 7 = 07 58 = 3A 109 = 6D 160 = A0 211 = D3 8 = 08 59 = 3B 110 = 6E 161 = A1 212 = D4 9 = 09 60 = 3C 111 = 6F 162 = A2 213 = D5 10 = 0A 61 = 3D 112 = 70 163 = A3 214 = D6 11 = 0B 62 = 3E 113 = 71 164 = A4 215 = D7 12 = 0C 63 = 3F 114 = 72 165 = A5 216 = D8 13 = 0D 64 = 40 115 = 73 166 = A6 217 = D9 14 = 0E 65 = 41 116 = 74 167 = A7 218 = DA 15 = 0F 66 = 42 117 = 75 168 = A8 219 = DB 16 = 10 67 = 43 118 = 76 169 = A9 220 = DC 17 = 11 68 = 44 119 = 77 170 = AA 221 = DD 18 = 12 69 = 45 120 = 78 171 = AB 222 = DE 19 = 13 70 = 46 121 = 79 172 = AC 223 = DF 20 = 14 71 = 47 122 = 7A 173 = AD 224 = E0 21 = 15 72 = 48 123 = 7B 174 = AE 225 = E1 22 = 16 73 = 49 124 = 7C 175 = AF 226 = E2 23 = 17 74 = 4A 125 = 7D 176 = B0 227 = E3 24 = 18 75 = 4B 126 = 7E 177 = B1 228 = E4 25 = 19 76 = 4C 127 = 7F 178 = B2 229 = E5 26 = 1A 77 = 4D 128 = 80 179 = B3 230 = E6 27 = 1B 78 = 4E 129 = 81 180 = B4 231 = E7 28 = 1C 79 = 4F 130 = 82 181 = B5 232 = E8 29 = 1D 80 = 50 131 = 83 182 = B6 233 = E9 30 = 1E 81 = 51 132 = 84 183 = B7 234 = EA 31 = 1F 82 = 52 133 = 85 184 = B8 235 = EB 32 = 20 83 = 53 134 = 86 185 = B9 236 = EC 33 = 21 84 = 54 135 = 87 186 = BA 237 = ED 34 = 22 85 = 55 136 = 88 187 = BB 238 = EE 35 = 23 86 = 56 137 = 89 188 = BC 239 = EF 36 = 24 87 = 57 138 = 8A 189 = BD 240 = F0 37 = 25 88 = 58 139 = 8B 190 = BE 241 = F1 38 = 26 89 = 59 140 = 8C 191 = BF 242 = F2 39 = 27 90 = 5A 141 = 8D 192 = C0 243 = F3 40 = 28 91 = 5B 142 = 8E 193 = C1 244 = F4 41 = 29 92 = 5C 143 = 8F 194 = C2 245 = F5 42 = 2A 93 = 5D 144 = 90 195 = C3 246 = F6 43 = 2B 94 = 5E 145 = 91 196 = C4 247 = F7 44 = 2C 95 = 5F 146 = 92 197 = C5 248 = F8 45 = 2D 96 = 60 147 = 93 198 = C6 249 = F9 46 = 2E 97 = 61 148 = 94 199 = C7 250 = FA 47 = 2F 98 = 62 149 = 95 200 = C8 251 = FB 48 = 30 99 = 63 150 = 96 201 = C9 252 = FC 49 = 31 100 = 64 151 = 97 202 = CA 253 = FD 50 = 32 101 = 65 152 = 98 203 = CB 254 = FE 255 = FF

Below is a little widget that will convert any number back and forth from base 10 (our number system) to base 16 (hexidecimal). Type a decimal number in the left box and click the top button to conver to hexidecimal. Or, type a hex number in the right box and click the bottom button.

So when someone talks about a "hex code" or "hexadecimal number" or if you see cryptic color codes like `09EC0A`, `CCFFCC`, `00AACC`, etc., this is what they're talking about and where it comes from.

Taking it a little further, your computer understands colors in terms of red, green and blue values...

`RED - GREEN - BLUE`

or

`R-G-B`

Each of those can have a value from 0 to 255. 0 being the absence of color, 255 being full color. Using that scale, we get the following values...

RED= 255-0-0 | |

GREEN= 0-255-0 | |

BLUE= 0-0-255 | |

BLACK= 0-0-0 | |

WHITE= 255-255-255 |

Since we have 3 colors, each with a value that can range from 0 to 255 we have 16,777,216 possible color combinations (256 ³). So, that's how we get 16.7 million colors. *Black and white are not considered "colors". White is total saturation of all 3 colors and black is the total absence of any color (at least as far as your computer is concerned).*

If we replace the decimal number with it's hexadecimal equivalent we start to get something that looks a little more like those "hex codes".

RED= FF-0-0 | |

GREEN= 0-FF-0 | |

BLUE= 0-0-FF | |

BLACK= 0-0-0 | |

WHITE= FF-FF-FF |

If we then use 00 for 0, and 01 for 1, etc., and if we get rid of the dashes(-), we then got ourselves some genuwine color codes!

RED= FF0000 | |

GREEN= 00FF00 | |

BLUE= 0000FF | |

BLACK= 000000 | |

WHITE= FFFFFF |

Here are a few random examples of hex color codes...

| | 200-0-0 | | C8-00-00 | | C80000 |

| | 255-255-0 | | FF-FF-00 | | FFFF00 |

| | 0-102-204 | | 00-66-CC | | 0066CC |

| | 191-128-210 | | BF-80-D2 | | BF80D2 |

| | 32-136-23 | | 20-88-17 | | 208817 |

| | 231-156-3 | | E7-9C-03 | | E79C03 |

| | 0-128-128 | | 00-80-80 | | 008080 |

| | 71-64-7 | | 47-40-07 | | 474007 |

Notice when the red, green and blue values are equal, the result is a shade of gray...

| | 210-210-210 | | D2-D2-D2 | | D2D2D2 |

| | 170-170-170 | | AA-AA-AA | | AAAAAA |

| | 117-117-117 | | 75-75-75 | | 757575 |

| | 60-60-60 | | 3C-3C-3C | | 3C3C3C |

Well, I hope that helped you understand a little about "hex codes" and how they put color in your page. The more you understand how all this stuff works, the more control you'll have in your web page. You won't be limited to what some silly HTML editor will let you do. You can do just about *anything* you want.

Joe Barta
**pagetutor.com**